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After choosing to enter the field of Psychology, one of the most common questions that senior students voice is: What can I do with my Psychology degree? There are numerous opportunities for Psychology students in the workforce as well as continuing on to graduate studies. The fields listed below may seem unrelated to your degree, but upon further investigation it is easy to see that these employment opportunities are central to the objectives of a Psychology degree.

Note: Several of these careers may require additional schooling

Business

Administration

Advertising Agent

Entrepreneur

Fundraiser/Developmental Officer

Labour Relations Specialist

Manager

Marketing

Program Coordinator

Public Relations

Research Assistant

Sales Representative

Writer

Education

Family Liaison Worker

Psychology Professor

Teacher

Special Education Teacher

Health

Executive Assistant

Health Services

Hospice Coordinator

Laboratory Assistant

Mental Health Counsellor

Mental Health Nurse

Mental Health Coordinator

Psychiatric Assistant

Psychiatric Nurse

Public Health Statistician

Social

Child Care

Child Welfare

Community Worker

Correctional Officer

Counselling

Cultural Diversity Consultant

Customs/Immigration Officer

Forensic Assistant

Human Resources

Lawyer

Parole/Probation Officer

Researcher

Senior Policy Analyst

Travel Agent

Youth Worker

What does a Psychologist do?

Psychologists work as researchers, teachers, or practitioners with regard to how people think, feel, and behave. They can work individually, in groups, larger corporations or with governing bodies. Below is a list of Psychologists. Each type of Psychologist has a different focus for their research or practice. You cannot become a Psychologist without completing graduate studies or a master’s program.

“What I find most rewarding is watching people gain insight and reassert power over their circumstances,” Rhiannon says. “The clients are really the ones doing the work—the counsellor acts as a facilitator and tries to bring to light new possibilities.” Rhiannon Wegenast, BA Psychology, 2007

Clinical - understanding, diagnosing, and treating psychological disorders

Counselling -  aiding individuals in solving problems involved with everyday life (Marriage/Relationships, Family, School, Addictions, Group, Career)

Community - understanding the relationships of the individual within communities and wider society

Educational - studying the learning processes of others and ways to optimize learning

Environmental - studies interactions between the environment and human psychological processes

Forensic - involves connecting the field of psychology to the law in legal and clinical settings

Gender - understanding factors that affect women and men’s development and behaviour

Industrial/Organizational - examines the relationship between individuals and their work

Neuropsychology - studies the structure and function of the brain

Personality - understanding the ways in which people feel, think and behave and how these patterns are related to their individuals characteristics

Research - studying human and animal behaviour in private and university settings

Social - focuses on people’s relationships and influences from social environments

Sport - examines factors that influence how people think, feel and behave in sport settings


There are many other areas of Psychology as classified by the American Psychological Association.

 

What is the difference between a Psychologist and a Psychiatrist?

A psychologist is trained in a certain area of psychology, such as the fields listed above, to assess and diagnose problems in thinking, feeling, and behaviour. Psychologists administer psychological tests and help individuals overcome their problems using a variety of treatments and/or psychotherapies.


A psychiatrist on the other hand is a trained medical doctor who is specialized in mental health or mental disorders. Psychiatrists use medications to help their clients manage their mental disorders (e.g., medication is critical for a disorder such as schizophrenia). Some psychiatrists may also combine medication with psychotherapy.